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AP1 research - rock formation

Sedimentary rock example

Possibly explore how the natural formation of stone can link to the artists formation of stone.

Stone formation = a natural process of creating new shapes and landscapes.

How does this work? How does this relate to the art of creation?

  • 3 main types of rock = sedimentary, igneous, and metamorphic.

  • Processes of rock formation = melting, cooling, eroding, compacting, or deforming,(process driven - can link to the process driven way in which my art practice is driven).

Sedimentary Rocks

Formed through a combination with other rock or organic material such as shells. This is created through the gradual break down of organic rocks - action of water passing over an object to slowly wear it down - forming sand and mixing with other organic and biological materials like shells bones and plants. - these are then compressed into rock

Process of erosion - breaking solids into fragments

as sediments settle - gravity and pressure forcing the materials down the compress - lowest parts become compacted and turn to stone

Key actions:

Compressing, tension, degrading, breaking down (these processes could be translated into my own working process)

Example stones:

limestone, halite, and flint, coal

Metamorphic Rocks

Rocks changed by heat and immense pressure

2 classes - foliated and nonfoliated

Foliation = when rock is put under pressure the minerals line up in layers. Foliation is where elongated minerals are aligned through pressure - this creates the textures and colours within the stone e.g. granite

Nonfoliated = formed in same way but do not contain minerals - no layered appearance. They can also be formed through metamorphism - when magma comes in contact with surrounding rock

Key actions:

Heating, stretching, layering, turning liquid, clash of solid and liquid, melting

Igneous Rocks

Igneous rocks - Latin for Fire - forms when molten material cools and becomes solid.

They can be formed inside the earth (Intrusive rocks) or formed outside earths crust (extrusive) - these would be examples of volcanic rock - where molten lava interacts with the worlds surface - key to how landmasses were formed.

Example rocks

intrusive rocks = Granite and diorite - course, large mineral grain - due to time spent cooling down - creates large mineral crystals

extrusive rocks = basalt and obsidian - fine texture, small mineral grain - due to quicker speed the lava cools - crystals have less time to form

These rocks can also have a texture covered in holes - due to gas bubbles being released from magma = pumice stone

Pitts Rivers Visit

Archive of stones, precious stones, fossils - exploring rock formation - the material quality of stone

Use references of textures, colours, shapes, forms, structure within my own work.

How the formation of rock can relate to my own work?

Terrazzo as a form of sedimentary rock - role as artist in creating my own stones.

My fabric sculptures are a way of playing with the materiality of stone - changing its perception - disrupting its normal materiality of a solid and turning it into a flowing material - almost referencing the molten state of rock

Fabric print sculpture

These fabrics sculptures could be further resolved by considering the formation of rock and how I might take inspiration from the processes and actions to activate my fabric pieces - such as bending, folding and compressing to form new shapes - evoke a sense of a liquid rock - as if molten.

Society, N., 2022. The Rock Cycle. [online] National Geographic Society. Available at: <> [Accessed 19 April 2022].


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