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AP2 research: All about process

All about process: the theory and discourse of modern artistic labour Kim Grant

'In recent years, many prominent and successful artists have claimed that their primary concern is not the artwork they produce but the artistic process itself. In this volume, Kim Grant analyses this idea and traces its historical roots, showing how changing concepts of artistic process have played a dominant role in the development of modern and contemporary art.

This astute account of the ways in which process has been understood and addressed examines canonical artists such as Monet, Cézanne, Matisse, and De Kooning, as well as philosophers and art theorists such as Henri Focillon, R. G. Collingwood, and John Dewey. Placing “process art” within a larger historical context, Grant looks at the changing relations of the artist’s labour to traditional craftsmanship and industrial production, the status of art as a commodity, the increasing importance of the body and materiality in art making, and the nature and significance of the artist’s role in modern society. In doing so, she shows how process is an intrinsic part of aesthetic theory that connects to important contemporary debates about work, craft, and labour.

Comprehensive and insightful, this synthetic study of process in modern and contemporary art reveals how artists’ explicit engagement with the concept fits into a broader narrative of the significance of art in the industrial and post-industrial world.'

'Nothing is finally understood until its reference to process has been made evident' - Alfred North Whitehead (Grant, 2018).

Process as Value

Process invites risk, uncertainty, vision, unpredictability. concentration and blind devotion. - Carolee Schneeman (Grant, 2018).


Grant, K. (2018) All about process: The theory and discourse of modern Artistic Labour. 1st edn. Pennsylvnia: PENN State UNIV Press.


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